What to expect?
In September 2018, the “ICAO World Aviation Forum” was held in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, one of the most important global events in the global aviation calendar. The forum focused on promoting investments to develop aviation. But, what to expect from this future? What is being thought as a necessity to ensure this development? In what sense should the development of Aeronautical Law be to make this feasible?
Introducedly, one must exhibit the satisfaction in seeing and hearing that the event does not bring empty prompts. All the exhibits were of a very high standard. It should be noted, rightly so, that in the opening, the current president of ANAC – Brazil (Ricardo Botelho) quoted Milton Friedman! This elevates optimism with the future of aviation, as Friedman was a champion of free markets and one of the most influential economists of the 20th century.
If it were possible to highlight this great economist’s teaching and relevant to aviation and to this text, it would be this:
“The existence of a free market does not, of course, eliminate the need for a government. On the contrary, a government is essential for the determination of ‘rules of the game’ and an arbiter to interpret and enforce established rules. What the market does is to sharply reduce the number of issues that must be decided by political means – and therefore to minimize the extent to which the government has to participate directly in the game.” – Milton Friedman (source).
“A society that puts equality ahead of freedom will end without both. A society that puts liberty before equality will have both largely. ” – Milton Friedman (source).
This already gives a direction to the debates and notes on the aviation and aeronautical law.
In fact, precisely the regulatory framework of aviation, that is, Aeronautical Law, was one of the most mentioned points during the event. It is important to emphasize that all these statements were not to exalt the regulation or to request more norms. Just the opposite. It seems very evident the difficulty and cost that the current volume of regulation generates for airlines and users of air transport.
In this way, speakers mentioned several times the need to improve the regulatory framework, the search for coherence in this regulation, the elimination of legal, tariff and foreign capital restrictions. Thus, aviation requires economic and tariff freedom.
In the same context, the issue of absurd taxation on aviation fuels was addressed in some countries. The elimination of such taxation is therefore another obstacle that must be removed to secure the future of global aviation.
In response to the fundamental questions put, one can say that given the level and bias of aviation thinking and Aeronautical Law, the future is promising and very optimistic. However, it is necessary to put into practice these free market ideals and less regulation of the aeronautical market.